What are organizational silos and how do you break them?

The path for companies to create more agile workforces starts with structure

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By Nicole Schreiber-Shearer, Future of Work Specialist at Gloat

As organizations navigate market conditions—evolving employee expectations and the continued fallout from a pandemic—a little bit of stability sounds appealing. The problem is that it won’t work in a world that keeps moving faster.

If the past two years are any indication, businesses need to embrace agility to stay afloat. To do so means doing away with one of the most foundational elements of 20th-century organizational structures: the silo. Once seen as ways to streamline and simplify workforces, today they often impede mobility and lock away a company’s true potential.

If silos were built to keep employees separated, bringing people together means tearing the old structures apart.  Enterprises that look beyond vertical structures and embrace greater talent mobility will be poised for greater success—and greater speed—in the new world of work.

What are organizational silos?

Organizational silos are workforce structures that separate employees into individual groups. Those groups can take many forms: major departments, geography, and business function at the top level, all the way down to individual teams and projects at the micro. Historically, vertical structures had major appeal. By creating rigid hierarchies, employees could better understand their place in the organization while managers could see how each group performed individually.

In an organizational silo, work is insulated from people not directly involved with the project. When most talent management was done manually, keeping employees clearly defined in taxonomies was the only way to successfully track them. This level of segmentation also simplified communication between the teams. By letting only the more senior employees communicate departmental progress to other teams, individual contributors could focus on their prescribed job functions with clear expectations and less bureaucracy.

But over time, the digital revolution made these organizational silos more of a hindrance than an asset. As economies became more connected, having talent locked away created bottlenecks and slowed the innovation many companies needed to pivot. Specifically, one of the most important organizing structures born from the need to unlock agility is the skills-based organization: companies that “place skills and human capabilities at the heart of talent strategies,” according to Deloitte.

In a siloed workforce, these critical skills can be missed by talent leaders who rely on job descriptions, and fail to see the full potential of their workforce. As employees continue to put a value on greater career mobility(with 81% of talent leaders saying that internal mobility is key to talent retention), keeping around outdated silos risks alienating your most capable people.

Why organizational agility is better suited for the future of work

Today, companies need to structure their workforces in ways that reflect the true nature of business: unpredictable, globally-connected, and operating at high speed. Gartner identified six ways the workplace will change in the next decade, and chief among them is the increasing presence of skills and automation.

However, the problem remains that while the need for greater organizational agility is known, the path there is unclear. A recent survey shows that while 76% of enterprises think talent mobility is important, only 6% believe their organization is “excellent” at enabling it. Traditional organizational silos simply don’t allow for talent mobility at speed, and trying to implement agile talent strategies while clinging to outdated organizational structures is a losing effort.

Instead, companies must adopt two of the most crucial innovations to keep pace: talent marketplaces and workforce intelligence. Though both benefit enterprises independently, in tandem they illuminate the skills within a workforce and match employees with the right opportunities within their organization.

The benefits of agile work structures

Agility is far more than a buzzword: it’s the way innovative enterprises are enabling their workforces to unlock their full potential. Here are a few benefits companies are reaping by moving away from organizational silos and towards more agile work structures:

Engaging employees on a human level

MIT Sloan Management Review and Deloitte found that prior to the pandemic, only 34% of surveyed workers were satisfied with their organization’s investment in their skills development. This demand by employees for greater access to skill-building opportunities is only growing. By understanding what drives employees, talent leaders can enable them to contribute to the company’s mission in more meaningful ways.

Promoting greater knowledge sharing

Traditional job titles often overlook the full set of skills, knowledge, and interests that an employee has. With a talent marketplace, people are seen for their full potential and matched with opportunities that align with their goals. Not only does this create greater value for employees, but it also enables employers to tap into qualified talent at scale—regardless of department, geography, or other factors commonly associated with silos.

Preparing organizations for the future of work

While silos were good when markets were predictable, today, companies need to pivot quickly as new challenges arise. By combining real-time data on your workforce’s skills with broader market trends, leaders can make wiser talent decisions that directly impact bottom lines. New trends, almost by their very nature, are an attack on the status quo. But by creating a workforce capable of responding, enterprises can be the ones at the front lines.

Moving from organizational silos to company-wide speed

Change can feel daunting, but that doesn’t mean organizations should let the future pass them by. Doing away with silos is every bit of a shift in mindset as it is structure. As agility becomes one of organizational design’s defining characteristics, companies must learn to embrace its benefits instead of letting rigidity get in the way of opportunity.

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